Volleyball Facilities and Equipments

Volleyball Court Rule

The volleyball court are rectangular with size 18 meters long and 9 meters wide. Surrounded by free area with a minimum on all sides of 3 m. The free area of the game must have a minimum height of 7 m from the surface of the court.

For the world championship and official  FIVB  (Fédération Internationale de Volleyball)  matches, the free area must be at least 5 m from the side line and 8 m from the finish line. The free area of the game should have a minimum height of 12.5 m from the surface of the court.

volleyball court

Volleyball Court Surface

The surface should be horizontal, and uniform. Should not cause injury to the player. Not allowed to play on the surface of the court is uneven and slippery.
For world championships and official FIVB matches, only surface types of the court must be approved by FIVB.
For indoor court surface brightly colored court. While the outdoor court is allowed a slope of 5 mm per meter for drainage purposes.
For the world championship and official FIVB matches, for the lines used in white. Other colors, different are used for game court and free area.

Court Lines

All lines are 5cm wide. The lines should be brightly colored and other colored from the floor and other lines. The game court is marked with two side lines and two finish lines. In each court, the attacking region (front) is marked by the attack line, made with a distance of 3 m to the rear of the center axis.

For the world championship and official FIVB matches, the attack line is added with dashed lines from the sampling line with a total length of 1.75 m, consisting of short lines of 15 cm, 5 cm wide lines and made with a distance of 20 cm each line.
  1. The front area (attack) in each court is bounded midline and backward shaft until the attack line.
  2. Server area is 9 m behind lines. This area is limited by two 15 cm long lines, as an extension of the side line. The service area extension is backward to the end of the free area.
  3. The replacement area is limited by the extension of the attack lines to the recording table (scorer).
  4. Warming up areas, for the world championship and official FIVB matches, measuring 3 : 3 meters, the place is on both sides of the bench, beyond the free area.
  5. The penalty area is 1 :  1 meters and is equipped with two benches located in the control area, ie the area beyond the end line extension. This area is limited by a 5 cm wide red line.
Net and Poles
  1. The net pole is in the midline, with a height of 2.43 m for men and 2.24 m for women. The net height should be exactly the same height and should not be any higher than the other with a 2 cm deviation.
  2. Net width 1 m and length 9,50 - 10 m (with side band 25 - 50 cm on each side), made of black mesh 10 cm, square shape. At the top of the net there is a horizontal line as wide as 7 cm, made of 2 layers of white canvas cloth attached lengthwise along the net. At the bottom of the net there is a 5 cm wide horizontal band, similar to the upper band which is also traversed. The strap is to tighten the net to the poles and keep the bottom of the net taut.
  3. Two white bands are mounted perpendicular to the net and mounted on each side of the net. White band width 5 cm and length 1 m. The white band is part of the net.
  4. Antenna is a flexible stick and part of the net as the side boundary of the crossing area, 1.80 m long and 10 mm diameter, made of fiberglass or similar material. The antenna is mounted on the outside of each side band. The height of the antenna above the net is 80 cm and given a contrasting line along the length of 10 cm. Better red and white.
  5. The pole is placed with a distance of 0.50 - 1.00 m outside the side line. Height 2.55 m and preferably adjustable up and down, poles should be round and slippery.
  6. For the world championship and official FIVB matches, poles are placed at a distance of 1 m outside the side line.

The ball shall be round, thick of flexible leather or made of synthetic leather whose inside is of rubber or the like. Colors of brightly colored balls or combination of ball around 65 - 67 cm and weight 260 - 280 g. The pressure in the sphere should be 0.30 - 0.325 kg / cm2 (4.26 - 4.61 psi) (294.3 - 318.82 mbar or hPa).

For world championships and official FIVB matches, as well as national events or league championships using balls validated by FIVB, except with the approval of FIVB.
For the world championships and official FIVB matches, three balls must be provided. In this case there are six ball guards, one on each corner of the free area and one behind each referee.

Voly Ball Players Equipment

The volleyball player equipment is very important to note. For example, a player's shirt should have a back number. This is the goal for the player to be more easily recognizable. Usually the referee recognizes the players is through the number of backs that exist on his shirt. But in volleyball regulations, players' equipment must comply with the rules. Some of the games for volleyball are:
  1. Player equipment consists of clothes / shirts, shorts, and sports shoes.
  2. Clothes, trousers, and socks should be uniform, clean and colored together for a team, except for a libero player.
Shirt number:
  1. The player's outfit should be numbered 1 to 18
  2. The number should be placed in the center of front and back
  3. The number should be in contrast to the shirt, measuring 15 cm on the front / chest and 20 cm on the back / back. The width of the line that forms the number is at least 2 cm or greater. It aims to make the numbers easy to read remotely.
Besides having to use equipment as mentioned above, there are some objects that become a prohibition for players to wear them. Objects that should not be used by players include:
  1. Players are prohibited from wearing objects that allow injuries such as jewelry, safety pins, bracelets, bandages from plaster, and others.
  2. Players may wear glasses. But the risk must be borne alone.
  3. Players are prohibited from wearing uniforms without numbers without an official number or a different color from players in one team. Unless libero players are allowed to wear different uniforms. This is to show that the player is a Libero.
Such restrictions must be observed and adhered to by volleyball players. If there is a violation, then the referee may issue a warning or remove players from the match court.

Composition and registration of Volleyball Players
  1. A maximum team consists of 12 people, a coach, an assistant coach, a trainer, and a medical doctor.
  2. Libero players:
One team is entitled to register one defender or LIBERO, among 12 registered players
The libero player is marked behind the number of the back of the shirt he wore with the letter "L".
All volleyball players must be registered. Including the name and back number are recorded in the list.

After the team captain and coach sign the numbers sheet then the players who have registered should not be replaced